The Annual Review of Small Businesses and Co-operatives in South Africa aims to contribute towards the promotion and development of small, medium and micro enterprises (SMMEs) as well as co-operatives by building a better understanding of the complexities of the sector by reviewing and analysing available data as well as engaging SMMEs, Co-operatives, government departments and agencies and highlighting the challenges faced by SMMEs and Co-operatives in South Africa. The review places its emphasis on the development and improvement of the Small Enterprise Development ecosystem as a whole with the provision of the information that seeks to update the state of the sector.